China Grove Animal Hospital

2001 US HWY 29 South
China Grove, NC 28023

(704)857-1017

chinagroveah.com

FLEA & TICK CONTROL 
FOR YOUR DOG


FLEAS



Successful flea control involves:
 

  1. Elimination fleas from ALL dogs in the family
  2. Controlling fleas in the HOME and YARD environment
 
When it comes to environmental control in the house and yard, we must first understand the flea life cycle.
 
There are four stages in the life cycle of the flea.
 
  1. Flea eggs are whitish and about 0.5 mm (1/32”) in length. They are unlikely to be seen without a magnifying glass. The eggs are initially laid on the pet’s skin but fall off into the environment
    to continue their life cycle. Flea eggs constitute approximately 50% of the total flea population. Eggs may hatch in as little as 14 to 28 days, depending on environmental conditions. High humidity and temperature favors rapid hatching. 
 
  1. Flea larvae are about 2-5 mm (1/8 to ¼”) in length. They dislike strong light and move deep into carpet fibers or under furniture, organic debris, grass, branches, leaves, soil, etc. Flea larvae prefer warm, dark and moist areas. Outdoor larval development occurs only in shaded; moist areas where flea infested pets spend a significant amount of time. Our climate controlled homes offer an ideal environment for the flea life cycle to thrive.
 
  1. The flea pupae produce a protective silk-like cocoon, which is sticky. It quickly becomes coated with grime and debris, which acts as a useful camouflage. With warmth and humidity, pupae become adult fleas in 5-10 days. The adults do not emerge from the cocoon unless stimulated by vibrations, physical pressure, carbon dioxide or heat. This is important since once fleas emerge from the cocoon they can only exist for a few days unless they are able to feed. During this time they are resistant to insecticides applied to the environment. This is important to remember because adult fleas may emerge into the environment a considerable time after insecticides are applied in the home. This is why we recommend vacuuming. This may remove some of the pupa stage from the environment but also stimulates the pupa to hatch and come in contact with the environmental treatment products.
 
  1. Once emerged the flea adult, is attracted to light and emerges to the surface in order to encounter a passing host to feed upon. The female flea needs to feed within 2 days of hatching and she will not start to lay eggs until 2 days after she has her first meal. This is where using Capstar every 2 days in the beginning of the treatment helps. In normal circumstances the adult female will live up to three weeks, laying approximately 40-50 eggs per day.  One female can lay over 3,000 eggs in 3 weeks. The entire life cycle, from egg to adult flea can be completed in 14-28 days depending on environmental conditions. Adult fleas can jump 6-8 feet.

TICKSFor more information on the life cycle of fleas and ticks, please visit:

 
 
 
 
Products we recommend for use on Dogs:
 
 
                              
Front Line Plus
Use on Cats and Dogs.
Applied topically; this compound is not absorbed systemically
Kills adult fleas, ticks and chewing lice
Prevents flea eggs from hatching
Safe on pets over 8 weeks and at least two pounds
Safe for pregnant and lactating pets
Do not bathe for 2 days before or after applying Front Line
 

Capstar
ForCats and Dogs
4 weeks of age and at least 2 pounds
Starts working in 30 minutes
Kills 90% of fleas in 4 hours in the dog and 6 hours in the cat
 

Comfortis –
Kills like Capstar – but lasts for 30 days
100% effective within 4 hours
DOES NOT control ticks.
Safe for dogs and puppies 14 weeks & older, & 5lbs & heavier
 

Sentinel
Primarily used for the prevention of heartworms.
Provides mild flea control.
Safe for pets 4 weeks of age and over 2 pounds
 
                
                                 
          
Virbac ® Ecto-Soothe®3X –shampoo for fleas and ticks
 
Environmental Products:
 
House:

Knock Out by Virbac
Kills adult fleas and ticks and controls larvae for up to 120 days
Vacuum first to stimulate the pupae to hatch
 
Yard:

Yard Spray by Virbac – use monthly
Kills adult fleas and ticks
                Attaches directly to your watering hose for easy use.
 
Diseases/Problems fleas can cause:
  1. Anemia – puppies and kittens can die from a significant blood loss caused by a large number of fleas
  2. Tape worms – an intestinal parasite
  3. Itching
    1. Flea bite dermatitis is the most common skin problem in cats and dogs
    2. Flea Allergy – this is a true allergic reaction to fleas. It only takes one flea bite to make these pets itch for days. Strict environmental control is necessary to help these pets.
 
Fleas make it difficult to diagnose and treat other causes of itching (pollen allergies and food allergies)
 
How do we treat a dog that has a flea problem?
 
  1. TREAT ALL ANIMALS and the ENVIORNMENT
  2. Capstar every 2 days for 15 treatments – A flea will start to lay eggs 2 days after the first blood meal. Capstar starts to kill fleas in 30 minutes – stops fleas from laying eggs and does not allow other fleas to start to lay eggs.
  3. Start one of the monthly flea control products recommended above – it takes 2 days for the Front Line to spread over the body
  4. Treat the house with Virbac ® Knock Out Area Treatment after vacuuming
  5. Treat the yard with Virbac ®Yard Spray
 
Once under control, how do we keep fleas under control in the dog?
 
  1. Treat yard once a month
  2. Use a recommended monthly flea control product